List of Character Set Codes Used in HTML Email Messages

The following list is the Character Set codes for most of the available Character Sets, grouped by language or region. It is recommended that when using Character Set codes in a filter that extreme caution be used, and use only the Character Sets absolutely needed to block unwanted mail.

When including the Character Sets in a policy, do not include the “charset=” portion, as this is left in only for reference.

--ARABIC--
ASMO 708 charset=ASMO-708
DOS charset=DOS-720
ISO charset=iso-8859-6
Mac charset=x-mac-arabic
Windows charset=windows-1256
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-Arabic

--BALTIC--
DOS charset=ibm775
ISO charset=iso-8859-4
Windows charset=windows-1257

--CENTRAL EUROPEAN--
DOS charset=ibm852
ISO charset=iso-8859-2
Mac charset=x-mac-ce
Windows charset=windows-1250
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-DenmarkNorway
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-ebcdic-denmarknorway-euro
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-FinlandSweden
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-ebcdic-finlandsweden-euro
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-ebcdic-france-euro
IBM EBCDIC charset=X-EBCDIC-Spain
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-ebcdic-spain-euro

--CHINESE SIMPLIFIED--
EUC charset=EUC-CN
GB2312 charset=gb2312
HZ charset=hz-gb-2312
Mac charset=x-mac-chinesesimp
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-SimplifiedChinese
Government Standard charset=GB18030

--CHINESE TRADITIONAL--
Big5 charset=big5
CNS charset=x-Chinese-CNS
Eten charset=x-Chinese-Eten
Mac charset=x-mac-chinesetrad
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-TraditionalChinese

--CYRILLIC RUSSIAN, ETC.--
DOS charset=cp866
ISO charset=iso-8859-5
KOI8-R charset=koi8-r
KOI8-U charset=koi8-u
Mac charset=x-mac-cyrillic
Windows charset=windows-1251
IBM EBCDIC Russian charset=x-EBCDIC-CyrillicRussian
IBM EB… Serbian-Bulgarian charset=x-EBCDIC-CyrillicSerbianBulgarian

--EUROPA--
Europa charset=x-Europa

--GERMAN--
IA5 charset=x-IA5-German
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-Germany
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-ebcdic-germany-euro

--GREEK--
Greek DOS charset=ibm737
Greek ISO charset=iso-8859-7
Greek Mac charset=x-mac-greek
Windows charset=windows-1253
DOS charset=ibm869
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-GreekModern
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-Greek

--HEBREW--
DOS charset=DOS-862
ISO-Logical charset=iso-8859-8-i
ISO-Visual charset=iso-8859-8
Mac charset=x-mac-hebrew
Windows charset=windows-1255
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-Hebrew

--ICELANDIC—
DOS charset=ibm861
Mac charset=x-mac-icelandic
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-Icelandic
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-ebcdic-icelandic-euro

--INTERNATIONAL EUROPEAN
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-ebcdic-international-euro

--ITALIAN--
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-Italy
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-ebcdic-italy-euro

--ISCII Languages—
Assamese charset=x-iscii-as
Bengali charset=x-iscii-be
Devanagari charset=x-iscii-de
Gujarathi charset=x-iscii-gu
Kannada charset=x-iscii-ka
Malayalam charset=x-iscii-ma
Oriya charset=x-iscii-or
Panjabi charset=x-iscii-pa
Tamil charset=x-iscii-ta
Telugu charset=x-iscii-te

--JAPANESE—
EUC charset=euc-jp
EUC charset=x-euc-jp
JIS charset=iso-2022-jp
JIS-Allow 1 byte Kana - SO/SI charset=iso-2022-jp
JIS-Allow 1 byte Kana charset=csISO2022JP
Mac charset=x-mac-japanese
Shift-JIS charset=shift_jis
IBM EBCDIC Kaakana charset=x-EBCDIC-JapaneseAndKana
IBM EBCDIC Japanese-Latin charset=x-EBCDIC-JapaneseAndJapaneseLatin
IBM EBCDIC US-Canada charset=x-EBCDIC-JapaneseAndUSCanada
IBM EBCDIC katakana charset=x-EBCDIC-JapaneseKatakana

--KOREAN—
Korean charset=ks_c_5601-1987
EUC charset=euc-kr
ISO charset=iso-2022-kr
Johab charset=Johab
Mac charset=x-mac-korean
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-KoreanAndKoreanExtended
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-KoreanExtended

--LATIN—
ISO charset=iso-8859-3
ISO charset=iso-8859-15
Multilingual Latin charset=CP870

--NORWEGIAN—
IA5 charset=x-IA5-Norwegian


--OEM UNITED STATES—
IBM OEM charset=IBM437

--SWEDISH—
IA5 charset=x-IA5-Swedish

--THAI—
Windows charset=windows-874
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-Thai

--TURKISH—
DOS charset=ibm857
ISO charset=iso-8859-9
Mac charset=x-mac-turkish
Windows charset=windows-1254
Latin-5 charset=CP1026
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-Turkish

--UNICODE—
Unicode charset=unicode
Unicode (Big-Endian) charset=unicodeFFFE
Unicode (UTF-7) charset=utf-7
Unicode (UTF-8) charset=utf-8

--US ASCII—
US-ASCII charset=us-ascii

--UNITED KINGDOM--
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-EBCDIC-UK
IBM EBCDIC charset=x-ebcdic-uk-euro

--US/CANADA--
IBM EBCDIC charset=ebcdic-cp-us
IBM EBCDIC –Euro charset=x-ebcdic-cp-us-euro

--VIATNAMESE—
Windows charset=windows-1258

--WESTERN EUROPEAN—
DOS charset=ibm850
IA5 charset=x-IA5
ISO charset=iso-8859-1
Mac charset=macintosh
Windows charset=Windows-1252

For more information on character sets, please see the links below:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Character_sets
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Character_encoding
http://mcaf.ee/x9s0h
http://a4esl.org/c/charset.html

US actor Robin Williams found dead at home

US actor Robin Williams has been found dead, aged 63, in an apparent suicide, California police say.robin william

Marin County Police said he was pronounced dead at  his home shortly after officials responded to an emergency call around noon local time.

Williams was famous for films such as Good Morning Vietnam and Dead Poets Society and won an Oscar for his role in Good Will Hunting.

His publicist said he had been "battling severe depression".

In the past he had talked, and even joked, about his struggles with alcohol and drugs.

Williams had recently returned to a rehabilitation centre to "fine-tune" his sobriety, the Los Angeles Times reported in July.

"At this time, the Sheriff's Office Coroner Division suspects the death to be a suicide due to asphyxia, but a comprehensive investigation must be completed before a final determination is made," police said in a statement.

In a statement, Williams' wife, Susan Schneider, said she was "utterly heartbroken".

"On behalf of Robin's family, we are asking for privacy during our time of profound grief. As he is remembered, it is our hope the focus will not be on Robin's death, but on the countless moments of joy and laughter he gave to millions."

Williams had three children from previous marriages.

Born in Chicago, Illinois in 1951, Williams joined the drama club in high school and was accepted into Juilliard School in New York, the prestigious American academy for the arts.

There, he was encouraged by a teacher to pursue comedy.

The actor was first known for his zany portrayal of an alien in the 1970s TV show Mork and Mindy.

He was a regular stand-up comedian while continuing to act in such films as Good Morning Vietnam, Dead Poets Society, Mrs Doubtfire and as the voice of the genie in Aladdin.

While many of his roles were in comedies, Williams won the Oscar in 1998 for best supporting actor as a therapist in Good Will Hunting.

 

Courtesy: http://www.bbc.com/

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Stem cell scientist found dead in apparent suicide

A senior Japanese stem cell scientist has died in an apparent suicide.

Yoshiki Sasai, who recently co-authored two controversial papers on stem cells, was found dead at his laboratory, the Riken Center for Developmental Biology in Kobe, Japan. dn26001-1_300

Riken's deputy director, Sasai was renowned for his ability to coax stem cells into becoming other types of cells. This year, however, his career has been under the spotlight. Sasai was a co-author on two research papers that claimed to produce embryonic stem cells called STAP from adult cells using acidMovie Camera. The papers were retracted from the journal Nature in July due to multiple errors.

Sasai, 52, was cleared of any direct involvement by a Riken investigation, but criticised for his failure to correctly edit the papers and for his supervision of lead author, Haruko Obokata, who was found guilty of misconduct in April.

In a letter published on 2 July, Sasai spoke of his deep regret that he was not able to identify the errors in the papers before publication. "Considering the discrepancies that have been pointed out recently... it has become increasingly difficult to call the STAP phenomenon even a promising hypothesis," he said. Experiments to clarify whether or not STAP cells do exist continue at Harvard and Riken.

Nature reports that a bag found at the scene contained three letters addressed to Riken management, Sasai's laboratory members and Obokata.

Philip Campbell, editor-in-chief of Nature said in a statement that Sasai's death is a true tragedy for science and an immense loss to the research community. "Yoshiki Sasai was an exceptional scientist and he has left an extraordinary legacy of pioneering work across many fields within stem cell and developmental biology. Our thoughts are with his family, friends and colleagues at this time."

 

Courtesy: http://www.newscientist.com/

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